Keep your stools soft so they pass easily. You can do this by eating high fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains which add bulk and help to avoid straining. Drink plenty of fluid. Consider fiber supplementation–most people don’t eat the recommended 25-35 grams a day. Don’t strain and go as soon as you feel the urge—if you wait your stools become dry and harder to pass. Don’t sit too long especially on the toilet—don’t read while sitting on the toilet and lastly, exercise.