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Backpacking Information

Yosemite and the Mother Lode area provide an oasis for backpackers. In many cases you do need a permit so contact the local ranger station. (list below)

Stay on trails. It’s safer and less damaging to the environment. See the Leave No Trace(SM) website for more information.

The Mother Lode is Bear Country for more on being prepared see below.

Backpacking Equipment List

  • 5,000+ cubic inch backpack
  • (+15 F°) synthetic sleeping bag
  • Sleeping Pad
  • Tent
  • Bear can
  • Stove Fuel
  • Utensils
  • Spoon, bowl and insulated mug
  • Sun block (SPF30) and lip balm
  • Sunglasses (UV-A, UV-B and IR Block)
  • Personal Medications
  • Blister Kit with extra Moleskin
  • Insect repellent Mosquito head net
  • Headlamp, spare bulb and batteries
  • Disinfecting handi-wipes
  • 1 or 2 large, heavy-duty garbage bags
  • Small pocket knife
  • First aid kit
  • 2 1-liter water bottles or 70+ oz CamelBak Shorts
  • Toilet Kit (…Toilet paper)
  • Camp Suds -type biodegradable soap
  • Lighter or matches
  • Small towel (Some trails follow alongside stream passages, be prepared to get wet, especially hiking around waterfalls.)
  • Lightweight daypack (for trips with layover days)
  • GPS
  • Compass
  • Map
  • Guidebook
  • Camping Permit
  • Camera and film
  • Hiking Poles
  • Binoculars
  • Fishing tackle and current license
  • Paper and pen
  • Art supplies
  • Reading material
  • Special food and drink
  • Clothing
  • Choose wool or synthetic materials, cotton clothing should generally be avoided.
  • Waterproof (breathable is preferable) pants and jacket
  • Turtleneck, zip type is good
  • Insulating jacket
  • Insulating pants
  • Sun hat or visor
  • Bandana
  • Winter hat or balaclava
  • 2 or 3 pair polypropylene liner socks T-shirt
  • 3 pair wool or blend hiking socks
  • Light long underwear
  • Underwear
  • Warm mittens or gloves
  • Medium weight, broke-in waterproof hiking boots
  • Lightweight running-type shoes for in Camp
  • Gaiters
  • Food (list below)

Water Treatment

Bring lots of water. To protect yourself from disease, treat any surface water before drinking. Treatment methods include boiling for 5 minutes, use of a Giardia rated water filter, or iodine based purifier. To prevent the spread of Giardia and other water-borne disease organisms, use restroom facilities where available. In natural areas where facilities are not available, bury human waste 6 inches deep, and do your washing and camping at least 100 feet away from any water source or trail.

Bear Precautions

You are required by federal regulations to store all your food properly throughout Yosemite National Park. You must have your food stored unless it’s within arm’s reach- don’t go for a swim or take a nap while leaving food out.

Bear resistant food containers (bear canisters) are required for overnight hikers through out the Wilderness. Counterbalance food hangs are no longer legal. In Yosemite and the southern Sierra, bear canisters are the only effective and proven method of preventing bears from getting human food.

“Food” includes all food and drinks, regardless of packaging, along with trash, toiletries, and other scented items. These items must be stored in either an approved bear-resistant food canister or food locker. Hanging food is illegal throughout Yosemite.

Using a Bear Canister

The most important part of using a bear canister is what goes inside it. Make sure all food, all trash, all toiletries, and all other scented items are inside the bear canister. This includes but is not limited to all sealed or packaged food, sunscreen, soap, mosquito repellent, lip balm, deodorant, medications, garbage, and feminine products. As a general rule, if you put it in your mouth on on your skin, it should probably be stored in a bear canister.

The bear canister only works if it’s closed and locked! Be sure to keep it closed and locked, even while you’re around your campsite. Place the canister on the ground in a flat, level area 100 feet or more from your campsite. Do not hang it from a tree.

Take care not to place it near a cliff or any water source, as a bear may knock the canister around or roll it down a hill. Do not hang or attach anything to the canister (ropes attached to the canister enable a bear to carry it away). You can place pots and pans on top of the canister as a bear alarm if you like.

The best way to carry a bear canister is inside your pack. Think of it as a big stuff sack, though it will always occupy the same amount of space. Later in your trip, when you have eaten some of your food, you can place other items inside the canister to conserve space.

Packing Your Food

Take food out of its original package. This allows you to fit more food inside a canister and reduces the amount of garbage you generate. Repackage food from boxes, bottles, jars and cans into resealable plastic bags. These bags are flexible and fit into small spaces. Force air out of packages. Poke tiny holes in freeze-dried packages to release the air. Save instructions for cooking and put inside meal bags. Write food contents on outside of bags with a permanent marker.

Suggested Food Items

  • Cheese
  • Jerky
  • Sliced meats
  • Tortillas, pita bread
  • Gorp, Trail mix
  • Raisins, nuts
  • Dried fruit, candy
  • Spaghetti, flat pasta
  • Rice
  • Dehydrated beans
  • vegetables, soups, sauces
  • Nutrition bars
  • Peanut butter
  • Freeze dried meals
  • Packaged food
  • Condiment packets
  • Oatmeal
  • Powdered milk
  • Instant coffee
  • Tea
Ranger Districts in the Mother Lode
Stanislaus National Forest
Supervisor’s Office

19777 Greenley Road Sonora, CA 95370
Hours All Year
M-F: 8:00am to 4:30pm

Phone: (209) 532-3671
FAX: (209) 533-1890
TDD: (209) 533-0765

Calaveras Ranger District
5519 Highway 4, P.O. Box 500 Hathaway Pines, CA 95233
Summer Hours (May – Oct)
M-F: 8:00am to 5:00pm
Sat: 8:00am to 2:00 pm
Winter Hours (Nov – Apr)
M-F: 8:00am to 4:30pm Sat: 8:30am to 2:00pm
Phone: (209) 795-1381
TDD: (209) 795-2854
Fax: (209) 795-6849
Mi-Wok Ranger District
24695 Highway 108 P.O. Box 100 Mi-Wuk-Village, CA 95346
Hours All Year
M-F: 8:00am to 4:30pm
Phone: (209) 586-3234
TDD: (209) 586-0262
Fax: (209) 586-0643
Groveland Ranger District
24545 Highway 120 Groveland, CA 95321
Summer Hours (Apr – Aug)
M-Sun: 8:00am to 3:30pm
Winter Hours (September – March)
M-F: 8:00am to 4:30pm Sat: 8:00am – 3:30pm
Phone: (209) 962-7825
TDD: (209) 962-6406
Fax: (209) 962-7412
Summit Ranger District #1 Pinecrest Lake Road Pinecrest, CA 95364 Summer Hours (including holidays)
M & F: 8:00am to 5:00pm
T, W, & Th: 8:00am to 4:30pm
Fall/Spring Hours
M-Sat: 8:00am to 4:30 pm
Winter Hours (Dec to mid-Jan)
M-F: 8:00am to 4:30pm
Phone: (209) 965-3434
TDD: (209) 965-0488
Fax: (209) 965-3372
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